NGO 2017: Understanding the Important Roles and Responsibilities of Non-governmental Organization in the Society
A non-governmental organization or NGO is an independent and non-profit organization, which aims to provide wide range of social activities, and is usually funded by donations and run by volunteers. Non-government organizations are also called as community agencies or non-profits, which provide different activities and services at different levels of the justice system. A non-governmental organization is consists of volunteers and voluntary boards of directors, working together in delivering different programs such as health campaigns, social awareness, environmental protection and equality.
Some non-governmental organizations are dealing with public education campaigns about social policy issues relating to the development of safe and empowered communities. Some non-governmental organizations directly work with the criminal justice system such as witnesses, victims, and offenders and the activities and services may include counseling and information dissemination of victims, giving assistance in obtaining pardons, creating victim-offender mediation programs, or supervising the release of offenders. Some non-government organizations provide serves to parents, children, spouses and extended families involved in divorce or family law courts. Volunteers come from different sectors of the society, mostly private individuals, groups or companies comprising of students, social workers, businessmen, educators, healthcare professionals, child welfare workers, athletes, celebrities, and lawyers.
There are different types of non-government organizations by orientation, which include charitable orientation, service orientation, participatory orientation and empowering orientation. Charitable orientation includes activities and programs that are directed to meeting the needs of poor people, and these are funded by donations without too much participation from the beneficiaries. The activities and programs of service orientation include family planning, provision of healthcare services, legal services, and education services, wherein people are expected to participate in the implementation in order to receive these services. In participatory orientation, the programs are characterized by self-help projects wherein the locals are directly involved in the implementation of the project by contributing materials, tools, land, labor, cash, etc. Empowering orientation helps poor people to develop a clear understanding of the economic, political and social factors affecting their lives, strengthening their awareness and developing their talents and skills to be able to take full control of their lives.
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Non-government organizations are also categorized depending on the level of operation such as community-based organizations, city-wide organizations, national non-government organizations, and international non-government organizations. Community-based organizations usually arise out of people’s initiatives, in order to raise the urban poor’s consciousness, and help them in understanding their rights for accessing needed services and provision of those services. Coalitions of business, chambers of industry and commerce, educational or ethnic groups, and associations of different community organizations, are what comprise a city-wide non-government organization. Feel free to view our website for more details about non-government organizations.5 Uses For Companies